Destabilizing speculation

The role of the BRICS in the global systemic transition towards multipolarity

Editor’s note: Andrew Korybko is an American political analyst based in Moscow. The article reflects the views of the author and not necessarily those of CGTN.

China hosted a virtual summit this week with the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa, which represent some of the world’s most promising economies, collectively known as BRICS. This group has been compared to the G7 in some ways and many experts have described it as one of the drivers of the global systemic transition to multipolarity. That’s certainly true, and his role has only increased in light of recent events earlier this year.

Far from being the so-called anti-Western platform that some of its critics have smeared, it is much more accurate to describe the BRICS as a multipolar integration platform, making it one of many others although it is certainly one of the most important. BRICS countries have different relationships with the United States, socio-economic challenges and political systems, but they are united in their belief that the unipolar world order led by the United States after the Cold War must be reformed from urgently for the good of humanity.

Their governments and civil societies agree on this issue after seeing over the past three decades how unequal, unjust and unfair the previous international system was. It is true that they also benefited from it in certain respects, but it was not generalized in their countries, having concerned only certain segments of their population. The socio-economic achievements of their countries as a whole during this period are attributable to their independent policies.

After all, the relatively small and medium-sized countries of the South that have scrupulously adhered to all the dictates of the Western-centric model of globalization are much worse off, all things considered. Many are now struggling to survive the interconnected economic, financial, food and energy crises caused by the pandemic and, more recently, the globally destabilizing anti-Russian sanctions from the US-led West that were illegally enacted. outside the UN Security Council.

This context of global crisis that has not been seen since the Second World War makes it all the more imperative that the BRICS countries take the lead in the global systemic transition towards multipolarity in order to help their fellow citizens of the South to survive these virtually unprecedented events. full-spectrum challenges. To be clear, their common goal is to reform the world order into a more egalitarian, just, multipolar order that simply does not target any third country, but is for the good of humanity.

It is crucial to keep this in mind as India pursues a very careful balancing act between the West’s billion gold and the global South. Delhi does not want to be seen as siding with one of these two at the expense of the other, which is pragmatic and the sovereign right of its rulers. That said, other BRICS members like Russia should not expect the South Asian state to support the language of the upcoming joint statement that is harshly critical of the United States.

This is also not speculation, but was just reported by the Economic Times of India, which quoted unnamed government sources to inform its audience that their country will push back against so-called “anti-American messages “. No one should interpret this report as implying that India is trying to obstruct the shared multipolar goals of the BRICS since that same state also pushed back against the Quad’s anti-Russian messages at its last summit.

A panel discussion is held during the BRICS Business Forum in Beijing, capital of China, June 22, 2022. /Xinhua

A panel discussion is held during the BRICS Business Forum in Beijing, capital of China, June 22, 2022. /Xinhua

Simply put, India does not feel comfortable participating in an organization openly directed against a third party, even though some observers suspect the Quad is tacitly directed against China. Be that as it may, India’s role in international organizations today is to ensure their formal neutrality in what many are currently describing as the new cold war between what can be summed up as East and South. ‘West.

The former wishes to gradually transform the international system into a more egalitarian, fair and just multipolar system for the majority of humanity living in the South while the latter hopes to retain its declining hegemony over the world order. India proverbially has a foot in both blocs as it is an integral part of the East and the second largest Southern country in the world, although it also has deep ties to the West and shares its concerns about the rise of China.

Having clarified the most simplistic fault line of the New Cold War and India’s role in some of the world’s most important international organizations, the reader can now get a better idea of ​​what to expect from the summit. virtual BRICS this week. This multi-polar integration platform will likely avoid any harsh criticism of the US-led West, although it will nonetheless make very clear its desire to change the international system for the better, even if that strongly entails challenging question the unipolar order.

Overall, the BRICS countries have a central role to play in the global systemic transition towards multipolarity, which includes a crucial geo-economic and financial component. As some of the world’s most promising economies and collective leaders of the Global South, they have a responsibility to shape the contours of this ongoing transition. As the responsible countries that they are, everyone should expect them to accomplish this ambitious task at this week’s summit and thus help the world.

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